Devkota M., Devkota M., Devkota K.P., Kumar S. (2022). Conservation agriculture improves agronomic, economic, and soil fertility indicators for a clay soil in a rainfed Mediterranean climate in Morocco. Agricultural systems, 01/08/2022, vol. 201, p. 1-14.
|Titre :||Conservation agriculture improves agronomic, economic, and soil fertility indicators for a clay soil in a rainfed Mediterranean climate in Morocco (2022)|
|Auteurs :||M. Devkota ; M. Devkota ; K.P. Devkota ; S. Kumar|
|Type de document :||Article|
|Dans :||Agricultural systems (vol. 201, August 2022)|
|Article en page(s) :||p. 1-14|
|Langues du résumé :||Anglais|
Catégories principales06 - AGRICULTURE. FORÊTS. PÊCHES ; 6.4 - Production Agricole. Système de Production
Thésaurus IAMMAGRICULTURE ; SYSTEME DE PRODUCTION ; AGRICULTURE DE CONSERVATION ; INDICATEUR ; MAROC
Declining rainfall with increasing variability, increasing temperature extremes, and declining soil fertility are threatening crop production and ultimately food security in the rainfed Mediterranean environment in Morocco. Conservation agriculture (CA) practices such as reduced tillage, soil cover, and appropriate crop rotation are recognized as a set of adaptive agricultural systems in such climate-sensitive regions. Systematic evaluation of agronomic, economic, and soil fertility indicators with medium-and long-term adoption of CA in different crop rotations in such variable climatic conditions is needed to drive wider adoption of CA in the region.
The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate agronomic, economic, and soil fertility indicators under CA and conventional tillage (CT) using field experimentation (medium-term) and simulation modeling (long-term) for a clay soil of a rainfed Mediterranean environment.
Methodologies included the following: 1) Field experimentation for 5 years (20152019), comparing CA and CT in four major food crops: wheat, barley, lentil, and chickpea, conducted in Merchouch, Morocco. The objective was to determine the effect of CA on crop productivity, yield stability, profitability, precipitation use efficiency, and soil fertility indicators of individual crops and cropping systems. (2) Dynamic simulation modeling to understand the long-term effect of adopting CA and CT under cereallegume and cerealcereal rotation systems. Using 5 years of experimental data, we calibrated and validated a Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) model for four crops; and ran the model for 36 years for two major rotations.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
Across the five contrasting rainfall years, in comparison to CT, CA had greater yield stability and increased wheat grain yield by 43%, barley by 8%, lentil by 11%, and chickpea by 19%. In 5 years of cereal-legume rotation cycle, CA resulted in increased system yield (by 20%), total benefits (by 40%), precipitation use efficiency (by 13%), and available soil moisture (by14%) with production cost reduced by 14.5%. The CA system had higher soil organic matter (+7%), available phosphorus (+3%), and exchangeable potassium (+15%) than in CT, although all differences were non-significant. Our field experiment and long-term simulation results suggest that CA adoption improves a range of agronomic and economic, and soil fertility indicators compared to CT in the clay soil of a rainfed Mediterranean environment.
The outcomes of this experimental and simulation study on the multiple benefits of CA provide evidence for extensionists, policymakers, and farmers to drive its wider adoption in Morocco and similar production environments.
|Cote :||En ligne|
|URL / DOI :||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2022.103470|