Strengthening the Role of Women in Rural and Agricultural Areas – Obstacles and Opportunities

Strengthening the Role of Women in Rural and Agricultural Areas – Obstacles and Opportunities

Co-published by the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) and the CIHEAM, the Watch letter n ° 40 “Strengthening the role of women in rural and agricultural areas – Obstacles and opportunities” aims to show different perspectives of the situation in the Mediterranean region by analyzing the challenges and opportunities in the socio-economic, social, environmental, legal and political domains.

The contributions allow us to better understand the mechanisms of discrimination, to identify the levers of change and to share good practices. A fundamental exercise to renew given the significant deficit in the collection and processing of sex-disaggregated data.

WL40 Full Report

Table of content


Hommage à Cosimo Lacirignola, Feu Secrétaire général du CIHEAM

Leaving No One Behind: Women in Rural Communities Are Key to a Sustainable, Food Secure Future – Commission on the Status of Women 2018

Mohammad Naciri

Palestinian Women Empowerment in Rural Areas: 35 years of achievements in collaboration with PARC and rural women

Athar Hodali

FAO’s commitment to empowering rural women in the Near East and North Africa region

Szilvia Lehel

Working against the grain: Voices of women from rural areas in Bulgaria

Petya Stavrera

Gender and climate induced migrations in the Mediterranean Region

Monia Braham

Agriculture familiale et genre dans le Nord de la méditerranée (cas de l’Italie)

Catia Zumpano

Les septs de chemins de l’agriculture à la nutrition et l’empowerment des femmes: transformations et manipulations d’un modèle graphique

Elisabeth Hofmann et Jean Etienne Bidou

Strategies on women empowerment and gender equality: how to reduce the gap between rural women and institutions

Rosanna Quagliariello

Promouvoir les modes de garde collectifs dans les territoires ruraux: une opportunité de répondre à l’ensemble des ODD et notamment d’égalité des sexes 

François Fatoux

The impact of discriminatory social institutions on rural women’s empowerment

Gaëlle Ferrand et Alejandra Meneses

The role of Women in Urban Agriculture and Food Security in Beit Lahia City, Gaza Strip

HadiFathi Khalil and Husam Al Najar

La percée des filles dans l’enseignement agricole technique français: entre obstacles et opportunités

Joachim Benet

Evaluation et chiffrage du rôle socio-économique et culturel des femmes dans les petites et moyennes exploitations agricoles du sud du Maroc



Nora Bouazzouni

The European Parliament’s Work on Women in Rural Areas

Rosa Llobregat

The impact of Socioeconomic characteristics  on Empowerment of Bedouin women in Egypt

Elham Abdelaal

The impact of gender inequalities on food security: what policies are needed?

 Marcela Villareal

BOX 1: L’exemple du bureau d’Appui à la femme rurale (Tunisie)

Narjess Hamrouni Idriss

BOX 2: Promotion of the Practice of Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) at the Household Level among Women in the Bedouin Community of Qatrana in the Karak Governate/ Jordan

Tala Khrais

BOX 3: Autopromotion des couches vulnérables (Femmes et jeunes filles) par la mise en place d’Activités Génératrices de Revenus (AGR) à Bordj Bou Arreridj (Algérie)

Smail Izerrouken et Houria Belouahri

Invasive species in the Mediterranean


In a context marked by the intensification of trade, the acceleration of population mobility and greater frequency of extreme climatic changes, crops are becoming increasingly vulnerable, especially due to invasive species. Most of the time, these invasive species manage to adapt to the spaces they invade and may significantly change existing ecosystems. They consequently become a growing problem for the countries as they affect the key sectors of their economy and present a series of emerging risks. This is particularly the case in Southern European, North African and Middle Eastern countries.

Bringing together 54 international experts, the Watch Letter n°33 compiles 22 articles aiming to present the problem of invasive species as a whole, by providing several specific cases in different countries of the Mediterranean region.



WL 35 Milk and Dairy products in the Mediterranean


Playing a central role in societies and economies of the region, the dairy sector has been facing many changes in recent years. The difficulties met by the different sectors of the dairy industry but also the positive initiatives that will enable, in the future, to overcome the new challenges are addressed in this issue. 

Placing the dairy sector at the crossroads of production, logistics, socio-economic and environmental challenges by providing global, regional and national insights, this Watch Letter n°35 features a series of scientific articles providing an update on the ongoing analyses and developments of the dairy sector in the Mediterranean.




WL 32 Feeding Expo Milano with Mediterranean perspectives

The Document compiles a series of 18 articles dealing with innovative indicators and initiatives for Food Security in the Mediterranean countries. Particular attention has been paid to good practices, adaptation to climate change, sustainable food consumption models and agro-food chains.